Places you have to visit in your lifetime, Acropolis
The Acropolis of Athens is a rocky hill, 156 meters above sea level and about 70 meters above the level of the city of Athens. Its peak is trapezoidal, 300 m long and 150 m wide. all sides except the west, where the strong entrance is, decorated with the bright Propylaea.
This monumental entrance to the Acropolis began to be built in 436 BC. after the completion of the Parthenon, on the plans of architect Mniskillis.
The central building of the Propylaea is unique in ancient Greek architecture. Six Doric columns adorn the facade. The columns are thinner as they move from base to top. On them was a pediment without decoration. The main space is divided into three aisles with two rows of Ionic columns (three on each side).
The Propylaea was never completed. In 431 the Peloponnesian War began and work stopped.
The Parthenon is one of the most famous monuments in the world. It is the largest and most formal Acropolis building and has garnered worldwide admiration for centuries now. Work on the erection of this stately temple of Athena began in 447 BC. under the direction of architects Iktinos and Kallikratis.
The temple was completed in 438 and was dedicated to the patron goddess during the Panathenaic of the following year. However, work continued until 432.
The main temple inside was divided into three parts. The middle of the three parts was the widest, and on this podium stood the famous Chrysanthemum statue of Virgo Athena, which Phidias had completed in 438 BC. in his place. The 92 metopes inside were embossed and featured various mythological themes: Giants, Amazons, Centaurs, and episodes of the fall of Troy.
According to mythology in Erechtheion, Athenians and Neptune quarreled over the city’s domination. But the Athenians, wanting to reconcile the two rival gods, dedicated them to a sanctuary under the same roof. Thus, the most peculiar of the Acropolis buildings was built in terms of architectural design. At this point, according to mythology, King Erechtheus, who later identified himself with Poseidon, had his home. That is why the temple was named after this mythological king of Athens. The temple was built between 425 and 406 BC. designed by architect Kallimachos and is one of the masterpieces of the Ionian style.
Inside the temple was divided into two parts. The east side of the facade was of Athena, the other of Neptune. But the most famous part of the Erechtheion is the “Protecting the Kores”, the famous Caryatids. It is a covered balcony, whose roof rests not on columns but on six statues of Korah fine art.